Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Fedora 17 Install Guide

This is the installation guide for Fedora 17 Desktop Editions. I've tested this version of Fedora using a Core 2 Duo Intel based computer with 4GB in RAM. This computer also has a basic NVIDIA graphics card with at least 128MB of RAM.

Getting Fedora 17

Hardware Requirement 
The official hardware recommendations are:
  • 400MHz Pentium Pro or better.
  • Recommended RAM of 1152MB.

Getting Help
You can use the more comprehensive installation guide provided by Fedora. There are also many documents, HOW-TO and installation guide at https://fedoraproject.org.
You can also check out the following forums:
Finally, you can search the web for answer if the previous options do not provide you with satisfactory answer.


Installing Fedora 17
After burning the ISO image file to a CD/DVD, boot the Fedora 17 system from the disc. The desktop of Fedora 17 looks like this:



It will also display a welcome screen as shown below:





Start Installation
To start installation, select "Install to Hard Drive" from the welcome screen or go to Activities >> Install to Hard Drive or select Activities >> Applications >> System Tools >> Install to Hard Disk.



The first screen appears and you need to select the keyboard. Select the keyboard you prefer, otherwise use the default "US English"Click "Next"



Select "Basic Storage" and Click "Next"



You can change the host name (Network name that identify this computer) to something more meaningful or you can leave it as default. Click "Next".


Select the suitable time zone. Click "Next".



Now, you have to enter the root password. Click "Next" when done.




If you prefer to let the system configures the disk partition for you automatically, you can select  "Use All Space" or "Use Free Space". If you are overriding an existing installation choose "Replace Existing Linux System"For users who want to customize their own disk partitions select "Create Custom Layout"

LVM Mode Configuration
Un-check "Use LVM" if you do not want to use LVM mode. LVM mode is more suitable for server environment where any additional hard disk can be added to the same volume without partition configuration. Although Fedora enable LVM by default, I prefer not to use them. 

My Configuration
I choose to "Replace Existing Linux System" and I un-check "Use LVM". I also check "Review and modify partition layout" to ensure that my partitions are configured at the right place.




Multiple Hard Disk
If you have more than one physical hard disk in your system, the following screen will appear. (Skip this section if you have a single hard disk system). You need to select the target hard disk for Fedora installation as shown below.




Select the appropriate target hard disk on the left and move the target hard disk to the right.



Boot Loading
For multiple hard disk system you can choose where to install the boot loader. Some people prefer to have a single boot location and they can choose which OS to launch from there. Personally, I would prefer the boot loader to be configured into the same physical disk drive as the operating system.  To select the correct boot loader, make sure the boot loader column is checked next to the hard disk you wish to install. Click "Next".




Since I am letting the system configure the partitions for me. The changes to the partitions are highlighted with a tick mark next to it. Make sure that the changes do not interfere with your existing hard disk partitions.

Linux operating system named your first hard disk as sda, second hard disk as sdb and so on. Within each disk, the partitions are labelled as sda1, sda2 and so on.

Please note that at this point all changes to the hard disk are NOT in effect. If you are not satisfy with the partition layout, you can create and delete your own partitions. Once you are satisfy with the recommended partitions, click "Next" when ready to commit the changes. You will receive a warnings as shown below: 



This is the final warning before any changes is make to the hard disk. Click "Write Changes to Disk".


Once the partitions have been created, you have the chance to set password for the boot loader for security purpose. Click "Next".


The system starts creating the system partition and copy the system image into the hard disk. This may take a while. Have a cup of coffee or tea.



Finally, when the installation is complete, you can reboot the system.


Post Installation Setup
After system reboot, you need to perform additional setup. (Please note that I could not screen capture this section, the screen shown below belongs to Fedora 16 setup but the content are the same)



Click Forward



Click Forward again.


You can choose to synchronize your system clock over the network using NTP. Click Forward after you've made the choice.




You need to create a new user. Enter the full name, username and password. Remember to check "Add to Administrators group".



Finally, the system will suggest that you send the hardware profile to Fedora for analysis. 

Finally the system will prompt you to login. This completes the installation process. Please note that you still need to update the system and perform post installation configuration.



Updates (Important)
After installation, you need to update the system. You can use the menu options, Applications >> System Tools >> Software Updates. Alternatively, you can use the command:
sudo yum update


Post Installation Configuration
Post installation configuration refers to installation and configuration of the necessary software you required. Check out this post Fedora Software Installation and Configuration Guide (Fedora 15/16/17).


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