Tuesday, June 18, 2013

Install Ubuntu 12.04 LTS on VirtualBox

As I've recommended on the previous post, I prefer Ubuntu 12.04 LTS as there are some minor bugs in the latest Ubuntu. If you want to use Ubuntu as the primary desktop operating system, you should use Ubuntu 12.04 LTS. (By the way, LTS refers to Long Term Support). Listed below is the installation notes on installing Ubuntu 12.04 on a virtual machine.

Setting up Virtual Machine
On VirtualBox select "New".


Enter the name of virtual machine. Click "Continue".


Set your memory allocation for this vm. Click "Continue".


Select an existing virtual hard drive or create a new one. Click "Continue".


If you are creating a new virtual hard drive, select the hard drive file type. Select the default. Click "Continue".


Select "Dynamically allocated" and click "Continue".


Name the virtual hard drive and select the virtual hard drive size. Click "Create".


You are back to the virtual machine manager screen.

Installing Ubuntu
Click "Start" to start the virtual machine.


You need to select the start-up disk. Select the ISO image of Ubuntu 12.04. The system will launch Ubuntu.



Click "Install Ubuntu"


Select if you want to install MP3 plugin and also updating Flash. Click "Continue".


Select "Create disk and install Ubuntu" and click "Continue".


Select the the default hard drive and click "Install Now".


Select your time zone. Click "Continue".


Select the default keyboard and click "Continue".


Create the username and set a new password. Click "Continue".


The installation begins.



Once the installation is completed you need to restart the system. The login screen is shown as below.


*Please remember to run system update for patches.

Install VirtualBox Guest Additions

Open Terminal application.
sudo apt-get install dkms
sudo apt-get install virtualbox-guest-additions

Alternatively, you could install the guest additions from the ISO image from VirtualBox. This is necessary if you have installed the latest version of VirtualBox.

Run the Ubuntu virtual machine and logged in. Under "Devices" Select "Install Guest Additions..". You can proceed from here.

If you encountered problem running the installation from the CD, click "Cancel" while trying to install the guest additions from the CD.

Open a terminal. Navigate to the CD folder under /media/VBOXADDITIONS.....

Run the file VBoxLinuxAdditions.run from the terminal using the command

$sudo ./VBoxLinuxAdditions.run 


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