Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Fedora 18 Installation Guide

This is the installation guide for Fedora 18 Desktop Editions (Live CD). If you plan to install Fedora 18 on VirtualBox as guest OS, please refer to the post Install Fedora 18 on VirtualBox with Guest Additions. You will still need this guide for detail configuration instruction.

What's New in Fedora 18

There are many new features and enhancement. Listed below are some of the key changes for desktop user:
  • Linux kernel 3.6.0
  • Anaconda installer has a new user interface. There are fewer configuration step in the wizard.
  • Includes GNOME 3.6
  • Firewall daemon iptables is being replace by firewalld
There are many more enhancement for system administrator and software developer. For further information please refer to the release notes.

My Setup

I've tested Fedora 18 Desktop Edition using a Core 2 Duo Intel based computer with 4GB in RAM. This computer also has a basic NVIDIA graphics card with at least 128MB of RAM. Please note that only 64-bit version is tested.


Getting Fedora 18

You can download the latest version of Fedora from the home page https://fedoraproject.org/ or you can get Fedora at https://fedoraproject.org/en/get-fedora.

Click "Download Now" and you will download a disc image in ISO format named "Fedora-18-x86_64-Live-Desktop.iso".

Alternatively, if you would like to download other spins or the full DVD, there are more download option at https://fedoraproject.org/en/get-fedora-options.

Burn this image to a blank CD or DVD. Please search the web for instructions on how to burn a disc image to a CD/DVD.

Getting Help

You can use the more comprehensive installation guide provided by Fedora. There are also many documents, HOW-TO and installation guide at https://fedoraproject.org.

You can also check out the following forums:
http://fedoraforum.org
http://www.linuxquestions.org/
http://www.linuxforums.org/

Finally, you can search the web for answer if the previous options do not provide you with satisfactory answer.

Installing Fedora 18

After burning the ISO image file to a CD/DVD, boot the Fedora 18 system from the disc. The desktop of Fedora 18 looks like this:



It will also display a welcome screen as shown below:



Start Installation

To start installation, select "Install to Hard Drive" from the welcome screen. Alternatively select Activities >> Install to Hard Drive (the icon on your favorites).

The first screen appears and you need to select the appropriate language for your system. Click "Continue".


In this screen you need to select the Date & Time, Keyboard and the Installation Destination. You can leave it alone if you decided to use the default of Date & Time and Keyboard.


The default time zone is US Eastern Time. If you decided to change the time zone, click on the "Date and Time" icon. Select a new time zone.


Click "Done" when finish.

The default keyboard is "US Keyboard". If you decided to change the default Keyboard click on the "Keyboard" icon.


Select another keyboard configuration. Click "Done" when finish.

You'll notice that there is an exclamation icon at "Installation Destination". This means that the configuration is not complete. Click on "Installation Destination".


The screen will show all the available hard disk on your system. Select the hard disk which you want to install Fedora. Click "Continue" on the lower right corner.


There are only 2 options for you to select: the first option is to allow the system configure the partition for you. The second option is to manually configure the partition yourself.

If you prefer the system configure the hard disk automatically, you can accept the default and click "Continue". You can change the "Partition scheme configuration" by clicking on the "+" sign.


You are allow to change the partition type. There are 3 partition type you can choose from, they are "LVM", "BTRFS" and "Standard Partition". The default is LVM mode. Personally I prefer Standard Partition mode because LVM mode is more suitable for system with multiple hard disk. Select the appropriate partition type for yourself and click "Continue".

You can also select the second option and manually configure the disk partition. To manually configure your partition please refer to the post Fedora 18 Manual Disk Partition. If you decided to let the system handle the partitioning, you can click "Click here to create them automatically". You will be shown exactly how the system is being configured. Click "Finish Partitioning" when done.


You are brought back to the screen below.


If your hard disk configuration is complete, you can proceed further by clicking "Begin Installation" on the lower right hand corner.


While the system begins installation, there is one more task for you to complete. You need to set a root password. You can set the password while the system is perform installation. Click on "ROOT PASSWORD" and enter your password. Click "Done" when ready.


Then, you need to wait for the installation to complete.


Finally, when the installation is complete, select "Quit" to exit the installer and reboot the system.


Post Installation Setup

After system reboot, you need to perform additional setup.


Click Forward


Click Forward again.


You need to create a new user. Enter the full name, username and password. Remember to check "Add to Administrators group". Click "Forward" when complete.


You can choose to synchronize your system clock over the network using NTP. Click "Finish" after you've made the choice.

Finally the system will prompt you to login. This completes the installation process. Please note that you still need to update the system and perform post installation configuration.


Updates (Important)

After installation, you need to update the system. You can use the menu options, Show Applications (last icon on your favorite list) >> System Tools >> Software.




Then on the top bar, select Software >> Check for updates.



Alternatively, you can use the command:
$sudo yum update

Post Installation Configuration

Post installation configuration refers to installation and configuration of the necessary software you required. Check out this post Fedora 18 Post Installation Software Configuration Guide.

Additional Post

You can check out other additional posts on configuration of Fedora 18:
Install Cinnamon Desktop on Fedora 18
Install Mate Desktop on Fedora 18
Install Google Chrome on Fedora 18
Install Adobe Flash Player on Fedora 18
Install Adobe Air on Fedora (16/17/18)
Install Dropbox on Fedora 18
Install Oracle VirtualBox on Fedora 18




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