Tuesday, January 22, 2013

Install Mate Desktop on Fedora 18

This guide contains instructions to install Mate desktop on Fedora 18. One of the new features about Fedora 18 is that it supports Cinnamon and Mate desktop. For those prefer an older look similar to GNOME 2, you can install Mate desktop.

Installing Mate Desktop
To install Mate desktop use the command:
sudo yum install @mate-desktop

The above command is the same as yum group install.

Once the installation is complete, logout and login with Mate session as shown below.

You will get the desktop that is similar to GNOME 2.

Please note that you may have duplicate applications such as terminal, calculator and archive manager etc.

*** End ***

Saturday, January 19, 2013

Install Cinnamon Desktop on Fedora 18

This is the guide to install Cinnamon desktop on Fedora 18.

Installing Cinnamon Desktop

Open a terminal window and issue the following command:
sudo yum install cinnamon 

The previous command will install the basic desktop. To install all Cinnamon desktop related software use the command

sudo yum group install cinnamon 

You can also install the software tools under Activities >> Show Applications >> System Tools >> Software. Do a search for cinnamon on the top left corner. Check on cinnamon-desktop and click "Install Package"

After installation you may need to logout or restart the system.

Using Cinnamon Desktop

On the login screen (shown below) click on the arrow next to the word session and select "Cinnamon"

After login, the desktop is appear differently then GNOME.

To launch program click on "Menu" on the lower left corner.

Please note that you can configure the bottom panel to appear on top. To do that you need to launch "Cinnamon Settings". You can launch from menu (The first icon on the favorites list) or you can launch from the panel by clicking on "^".

Select "Panel" to flip the panel to the top. Use the settings as shown below.

For the setting to take effect, you need to logout and login again. The desktop is shown below.

You can add additional applets by going to Cinnamon Settings >> Applets. 

If you can find what you want click on "Get new applets" or go the the Cinnamon Applets page. Download the applets you want and decompress it in ~/.local/share/cinnamon/applets/ folder.

You can customize many things under Cinnamon Settings. You can change keyboard shortcut, set hot corners, add workspace and change windows effect. Please feel free to explore and experiment with the settings.

*** End ***

Friday, January 18, 2013

Install Fedora 18 on VirtualBox with Guest Additions

Fedora 19 is out! Check out Install Fedora 19 on VirtualBox with Guest Additions.


This post is about installing Fedora 18 on VirtualBox as guest OS including installation of VirtualBox Guest additions. For installation of VirtualBox on Fedora 18, please refer to this post "Install VirtualBox on Fedora 18". 

Configuring VirtualBox Virtual Machine

In the VirtualBox Manager, click "New" to create a new virtual machine.

Enter the name of virtual machine, the type of operating system and indicate whether it is a 32-bit or 64-bit operating system. 

Select the memory size for this virtual machine.

To create a new hard drive, select "Create a virtual hard drive now" and click "Create".

Select "VDI" and click "Next".

 Opt for "Dynamically allocated" and click "Next".

Finally, enter the name of your virtual hard disk and specify the maximum hard disk space allowed. Previous I encounter some problem while using the default 8 GB. I've set it to 12 GB.

Click "Create" when done.

Next, you need to go into the setting for more configurations. On the screen below click on "General" or "System" to activate the setting page for this virtual machine.

The setting page is shown below.

Select the "Advanced" tab and change "Shared Clipboard" and "Drag 'n Drop" to bidirectional. These features allows the host OS and guest OS exchange data by cut and paste. It even allows drag and drop of files. (Note: At the time of this post I couldn't perform drag and drop from guest to host, however, drag and drop from host to guest works fine)

For multicore PC, you can change how the guest OS utilize the CPU. The default is 1. 

Under display, expand the video memory to the maximum and enable 3D and 2D acceleration.

Click "OK" when complete.

Getting Fedora 18

You can download the latest version of Fedora from the home page https://fedoraproject.org/ or you can get Fedora at https://fedoraproject.org/en/get-fedora.

Click "Download Now" and you will download a disc image in ISO format named "Fedora-18-x86_64-Live-Desktop.iso".

Alternatively, if you would like to download other spins or the full DVD, there are more download option at https://fedoraproject.org/en/get-fedora-options.


Starting Virtual Machine for the First Time

Select the virtual machine you want to start and click "Start".

For the first time the virtual machine will prompt you for installation disk. Navigate to the folder where you stored the ISO and select the appropriate ISO.

Click "Start" when done.

Installation of Fedora 18

I will briefly run through the installation process. For detail configuration, please refer to my post Fedora 18 Installation Guide.

On the welcome screen, click "Install to Hard Drive".

The first screen appears and you need to select the appropriate language for your system. Click "Continue".

On the next screen, you can configure Date & Time, Keyboard and the Installation Destination. Use the default for Date & Time and Keyboard. Click on "Installation Destination".

The screen will show your only only available hard disk on your virtual machine. Click "Continue" on the lower right corner. For the next screen "Installation Options", use the default and click "Continue".

If you prefer to configure the hard disk manually, please refer to my post Fedora 18 Manual Disk Partition

If your hard disk configuration is complete, you can proceed further by clicking "Begin Installation" on the lower right hand corner. Next, you need to setup the root password and wait for the installation to complete.

Finally, when the installation is complete, select "Quit" to exit the installer and reboot the system.

Post Installation Setup

After system reboot, you need to perform additional setup. Follow the wizard and setup a new user account. Click "Finish" when you are done. Finally the system will prompt you to login. This signal the completion of installation. 

For post installation configuration please refer to my post  Fedora 18 Post Installation Software Configuration Guide.

Installation of VirtualBox Linux Guest Additions

You need to install the Linux Guest Additions in order to share data and folders between the host and Fedora client. The use features are sharing of clipboard and sharing of file using drag and drop.

System Update
Before any installation, please update your system by running the following command:
sudo yum update

Please reboot the system if you have just installed a new kernel.

Pre-Installation Setup
Before installing VirtualBox Linux Guest Additions, you need to install gcc, dkms and kernel development module. Use the following command:
sudo yum install gcc kernel-devel dkms

Next you need to mount the Linux Guest Additions Image Disc. Under the VirtualBox menu bar, select Devices >> Install Guest Additions...

Click cancel if they ask if you want to run the disc image.

Install Linux Guest Additions
Once the disc image is mounted, use the following command (case sensitive):
cd /run/media/$USER/VBOXADDITIONS*
sudo ./VBoxLinuxAdditions.run

You need to reboot the system after the installation is complete.

Problem with Linux Guest Additions

  • If you could not find the path /run/media/$USER, please note that you could not find the path under Cinnamon desktop. You need to logout and login using GNOME or MATE.
  • Please note that I've install Linux Guest Additions on Fedora 18 as guest OS on Fedora 18 host. After Linux Guest Additions is installed, the guest system appears to have some display problem when login via GNOME3 (GNOME and Cinnamon). I could only login via Mate desktop. I did not encounter such problem when I was installing Fedora 18 as guest OS on a Windows host.

Additional Post

You can check out other additional posts on configuration of Fedora 18:
Install Cinnamon Desktop on Fedora 18
Install Mate Desktop on Fedora 18

*** End ***

Install Oracle VirtualBox on Fedora 18

This procedure is to install Oracle VirtualBox on Fedora 18. You can also use the same procedure to install VirtualBox on Fedora 15, Fedora 16 and Fedora 17. 

If you had follow my post before and confident with my script, you can scroll down to the bottom of the post and download the script. The script will automatically download, configure and install VirtualBox.

Manual Procedure
First, you need to download the repository file from VirtualBox using the following command:
wget http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/rpm/fedora/virtualbox.repo 

If your system could not recognize wget using the command to install wget:
sudo yum install wget

Then you need to move the file "virtualbox.repo" to the folder /etc/yum.repos.d/. In the terminal, navigate to the location where you kept the file and use the command:
sudo mv virtualbox.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/

Then you need to install gcc, kernel-devel and dkms:
sudo yum install gcc kernel-devel dkms

To install the latest version of VirtualBox use the command:
sudo yum install VirtualBox-4.2

If you prefer the older version of VirtualBox just change the version number such as:
sudo yum install VirtualBox-4.1
sudo yum install VirtualBox-4.0
sudo yum install virtualbox-3.2
sudo yum install virtualbox-3.1
sudo yum install virtualbox-3.0

Automation Script
I've created an automation script that perform the previous steps and install the latest version of VirtualBox. You can download this script FC00-vbox-install-noarch. If you prefer to install the older version, you need to modify the script.

The entire script is listed below:
#! /bin/bash

# This script is to install VirtualBox in Fedora
# This script must be used with root access 
# This script will download the repository file for yum from http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/rpm/fedora/virtualbox.repo
# Then this acript will move the repo file to the yum depository folder at /etc/yum.repos.d/
# VirtualBox need to recompile the kernel, if you have just updated a new kernel, you should reboot the system before running this script

# Downloading repo file
echo "Downloading repo file from VirtualBox..."
yum install -y wget
wget http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/rpm/fedora/virtualbox.repo

# Move repo file to the repositary directory
echo "Moving VBox repo file to Yum repo folder..."
if [ -e virtualbox.repo ]; then 
 mv virtualbox.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/
 echo "Done!"
 echo "Could not find the file virtualbox.repo! Please check your Internet connection!"
 echo "If you download the file manually, make sure that the file is place in the same directory as this script"
 exit 1

# Installation of VirtualBox
echo "Installing files required for running VBox..."
yum install -y gcc kernel-devel dkms

echo "Installing VirtualBox...."
yum install -y VirtualBox-4.2

Please remember to change the script to execution mode:
chmod +x FC00-vbox-install-noarch

To run the script use the command:
sudo ./F00-vbox-install-noarch

*** End ***

Thursday, January 17, 2013

Install Adobe Flash Player on Fedora 18

Special Notes

For Google Chrome user, you do not need to install Flash Player since Google Chrome comes with its own Flash Player plugins. For Firefox user, you need to install Adobe Flash Player to play embedded video from YouTube and various websites. This installation guide allows user to install Adobe Flash Player on Fedora 18. The procedure is the same as the previous Fedora version therefore, you may also use the following procedure for Fedora 15, Fedora 16 and Fedora 17. 

Configuring YUM Repository File

First you need to download the rpm file from https://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/ 
Select  "Yum for Linux" as shown below.

You will be downloading a file "adobe-release-x86_64-1.0-1.noarch.rpm" into your download folder.

Navigate to your download folder and issue the following command:
sudo rpm -ivh adobe-release-x86_64-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
Then issue this command to import the keys:
sudo rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-adobe-linux

The above installation configures the YUM repository so that you could install Flash Player using YUM command.
You could make sure that the repository file is configure properly by looking for a file "adobe-linux-x86_64.repo" under the folder /etc/yum.repos.d/

Install Adobe Flash Player

The installation is very simple and straight forward, use the command:
sudo yum install flash-plugin

Refresh your browser and go to https://www.adobe.com/software/flash/about to verify your plugins installation. A little box will shown which version you have installed as shown below. Alternative, you can visit https://www.youtube.com to test some of the videos.

*** End ***

Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Install Dropbox on Fedora 18

This installation guide has been tested for Fedora 18. However, you can also use the same method to install Dropbox on Fedora 16 and Fedora 17. 

To install Dropbox in Fedora 18, we need to configure a Dropbox repository and perform a yum install from the system terminal.

Configure Dropbox Repository
Create a file called dropbox.repo with the following:
name=Dropbox Repository

You can also download a copy from here. Place the file under /etc/yum.repos.d.

Installing Dropbox
Run yum install using the command:
sudo yum install nautilus-dropbox

Note: If you encounter any error while downloading nautilus-dropbox. You might need to change the base url in the repo file from http://linux.dropbox.com/fedora/$releasever/ to http://linux.dropbox.com/fedora/17/

Completing the Installation
After installation is done, you need to run Dropbox (Show Applications >> Internet >> Dropboxapplication to complete the installation and configure an user account.

Click "OK"

Wait for the installation to complete.

Select "I already have a Dropbox account"

Enter your Dropbox account information and follow the installation.

You could also download a script file I've created to automate the installation process.

The entire script is listed below:
#! /bin/bash
# This software installation script is for Fedora 16 / Fedora 17 / Fedora 18 (32-bit/64-bit)
# It configures Dropbox yum repository and install Dropbox

#ensure that wget is installed
yum install -y wget

#Addition yum repo file from Dropbox 
wget http://dl.dropbox.com/u/30876345/repo/dropbox.repo 
mv dropbox.repo /etc/yum.repos.d

#Install Dropbox
yum install -y nautilus-dropbox

echo "Important! The installation is NOT complete!"
echo "You need to activate the dropbox program to complete the installation and configure a user account. The program is under Applications >> Internet >> Dropbox"
echo "For Fedora 18, go to Show Applications >> Internet >> Dropbox"

Running Script File
Remember to give execution permission to the script by running the command:
sudo chmod +x FC00-dropbox-install-noarch
sudo ./FC00-dropbox-install-noarch

*** End ***

Install Google Chrome on Fedora 18

The recommended way to install Google Chrome is to navigate to the Google Chrome site at https://www.google.com/chrome, the site will automatically detect your operating system and display the appropriate download for you.

Download Google Software Package Public Signing Key (Important!)

Before you proceed to install Chrome, you need to download and import the public signing key from Google. You can skip this step if you have done this before while installing other Google products. Use the following command:

wget https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub
sudo rpm --import linux_signing_key.pub 

Please note that you only need to download the public key only once for all Google products in Linux.

Installing Google Chrome 

Then, you visit the site https://www.google.com/chrome. The site will detect you operating system and display the appropriate download page as below.

Click "Download Chrome"

Select "64-bit .rpm (For Fedora/openSUSE)". Click "Agree and Install".

If you are using Firefox browser, it will display a box as above. Select "Open with Software Install" and Click "OK".

Click "Install". You need to enter your password to authentication.

Depending of which software you have installed previously. You may received an additional box that inform you to install additional dependencies software. Install any dependencies software as per recommendation.

Click "Continue" to complete the installation. The installation will complete after a while. To confirm, Google Chrome is located under Show Applications >> Internet.


If you received the following error, you have not downloaded Google's public key yet. Please following the instruction above.

*** End ***

Fedora 18 Post Installation Software Configuration Guide

This is the post installation software configuration guide for Fedora 18. For installation of Fedora 18, please refer to Fedora 18 Installation Guide.

System Update

After installation of Fedora 18, the first thing you need to do is to update the system. 

You can perform system update by going to Show Applications >> Software. The "Show Applications" icon is the last icon on your favorites bar. 

Once the "Software" application is open. Click "Software" on the top menu bar and select "Check for updates".

Alternatively, you could perform system update using the command:
sudo yum update

You need to reboot the operating system if you have installed a new kernel.

Software Installation

Some of the essential software applications were preloaded with Fedora such as Libra Office and Firefox. To install new software application, navigate to Show Applications >> Software. Enter the software package you desire and this utility will search through the software repository for the application you want. You have the option to download and install it.

Alternatively, you can also use command line to install the software packages. First you need to download the software which is an rpm file. To install the software use the command:
sudo rpm –ivh <name_of_software_package>.rpm

Beside the command rpm, you can also use yum to install software. This application installation utility will automatically search for all the dependencies files and software while installing the application you desire. You don’t need to download the software first. To use yum, type in the command
sudo yum install <name_of_software_package>

To find out details about the software packages use the command:
sudo yum info <keyword_or_software_packages>

You can also perform group install using
sudo yum groupinstall <group_software_name>

For command line installation, it is recommended to use yum utility instead of rpm utility. You will resort to use rpm utility when the software you required is not in any of the software repository.

Adding Software Repository

While yum utility automatically connects to the official mirror sites of Fedora to search and retrieve latest software packages, you might want to add additional repositories that provide additional software. Two additional sites are recommended, they are rpmfusion.org and livna.org. Both sites provide additional software relating to media playing, such as playing DvD disc on Fedora.

The command to add repository from rpmfusion are as follows:
sudo yum localinstall --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-18.noarch.rpm 
sudo yum localinstall --nogpgcheck  http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-18.noarch.rpm

The command to add repository from livna.org are as follows:
sudo rpm -ivh http://rpm.livna.org/livna-release.rpm
sudo rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-livna

Listed below is some of the software which we recommend:

Web Browsing

Firefox is preloaded with Fedora but you need to install additional plug-ins and Adobe Flash Player.

If you prefer Google Chrome, please check my post:

Please refer to my other post regarding Adobe Flash Player. Check out:

Productivity Suite

Libre Office is preloaded in Fedora, no action is required.


There are some useful utilities such as:

wget is a utility that allows you to download http files from the web using command line. This is a useful tool for automating download.
sudo yum install -y wget

Gparted is a utility that manages disk partition. You can resize your disk partition on the fly. To install this software:
sudo yum install -y gparted

For viewing chm files use xchm or kchmviewer. Use one of the following command:
sudo yum install -y xchm
sudo yum install -y kchmviewer

Unrar is a utility to unpack rar compressed folders. Use the command:
sudo yum install -y unrar

GCC is GNU C/C++ compiler. Kernel-devel is the kernel headers required to compile kernel files. Both files are required to rebuilt kernel or install drivers.
sudo yum install -y gcc kernel-devel

Gthumb is a small image editor.
sudo yum install -y gthumb

PDF Document

Fedora has default PDF reader and writer so no installation is required. For Firefox, select Print >> Print to File, make sure you specify the document type as PDF and also specify the filename and location of the file. For LibreOffice, use ‘Export to PDF’ function.

You will need a PDF writer if you intend to use it on any other application that do not have print to PDF or export to PDF capabilities. In this case, you need to install cups-pdf. Use the command:
sudo yum install -y cups-pdf

PDF writer usually tie to the print function. You just need to use the print function and select PDF writer as the printer.

Playing Multimedia Files

To play the most common multimedia formats, including mp3, mpeg and wmv file, you need to install additional codec. We would recommend VLC Media Player because it provides many codec together with a player.

Installing VLC Media Player, use the command:
sudo yum install -y vlc

To set VLC as the default player, click your "username" on the top right corner. Select "System Setting". Select "Details" on the last row. Select "Default Applications". Under "Video" select VLC as your default application.

Installing DvD Playing Applications

Playing DVD is more complicated because it involves restricted format. In addition to media player, you need to install CSS Packages.

To check your region setting you need the package “regionset”.
sudo yum install -y regionset

After installation, use the command $regionset. Your region setting will be shown.

To install the CSS packages use the command:
sudo yum install -y libdvdcss

DVD Ripping

In the event you need to backup your DVD; you can install various DVD ripper. In this section we will install k9copy. Use the command:
sudo yum install -y k9copy

Please search the web on how to use k9copy.

Additional Applications

For additional applications, please check my other post:

Automation Script (For Advanced User)

You can download the script FC00-software-install-noarch to automate the installation for above-mentioned software.

After downloading the script, please read the script carefully and hash (#) out any installation option or command that you do not want to use. Any command with a hash (#) in front will not be executed.

You need to change the permission to executable by using the command:
sudo chmod +x FC00-software-install-noarch

To run the script use the command:
sudo ./FC00-software-install-noarch

Alternatively, use the following command to pipe the installation log to a text file:
sudo ./FC00-software-install-noarch >> log.txt

For those with difficulties downloading the script, listed below is the full content of the script, you can copy and paste the script to a plain text file:

#! /bin/bash
# This software installation script is for Fedora 18
# You just need to hash out or remove any installation you don't want
# You can also add in additional software packages you like
yum update -y yum
yum update -y
#Additional yum plugins
#yum install -y yum-plugin-fastestmirror
#Additional yum repository configuration for rpmfusion and livna
yum localinstall -y --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-18.noarch.rpm 
yum localinstall -y --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-18.noarch.rpm
rpm -ivh http://rpm.livna.org/livna-release.rpm
rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-livna
yum update -y
#Installing Essential Utilities
yum install -y gparted
yum install -y xchm
yum install -y kchmviewer
yum install -y gcc kernel-devel
yum install -y unrar
yum install -y cups-pdf
yum install -y wget
yum install -y vim
yum install -y gthumb
#yum install -y beesu
#yum install -y nautilus-beesu-manager
# Download and install Google Software Public Signing Key
wget https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub
sudo rpm --import linux_signing_key.pub
rm linux_signing_key.pub 
#Installing Media Players, DVD codec and Ripper
yum install -y vlc
yum install -y regionset libdvdcss
yum update -y
yum install -y k9copy
yum install -y xine xine-lib-extras xine-lib-extras-freeworld
#Installing Games
#yum install -y kdegames
#End message
echo "Installation Complete!"


Fedora 18 Configure Disk Partitions Manually

What you need to know about Linux Partition?

All Linux system requires a minimum of 3 partitions, they are /boot (use booting up the system), /swap (use for virtual memory) and / (the root directory contains the entire system).

The following are the recommend disk size:
  • /boot - about 500MB is sufficient
  • /swap - traditionally it is recommended to have twice the size of your RAM size. However, with sufficient RAM in most system. The swap file is hardly use. I would recommend 4GB is sufficient for most system.
  • / - root directory contains the entire system so you should commit the rest of your hard disk space to it.

If you want to separate the system folder with user data, you can configure and additional mount point for user data such as /home. You can allocate whatever hard disk space necessary for user data.

Partition Type

In Fedora 18, there are 3 different types of partition. They are "LVM", "Standard Partitions" and BTRFS. BTRFS is a very new partition type actively develop by Oracle and can be quite unstable according to wiki. I do not have enough information to judge. 

LVM partition is the default partition type, it allows user to add addition hard disk space by adding a physical drive and extend the logical partition across multiple physical hard disk. Under LVM mode, your /home partition might be store physically across several hard disk. I would recommend LVM partition for file server. However, I would prefer standard partition for home user especially if you have plenty of hard disk space. The only disadvantage in LVM partition is that if the OS is corrupted and unable to boot, it is almost impossible to retrieve the data by using another copy of the same OS booting from CD or flash drive. The logical partition is closely tie to a particular installation. This disadvantage can be a security measure for a file server.

Therefore, I would recommend "Standard Partition" for home user and desktop user.

File System

This section is to get you familiar with all other file system so that you don't delete a wrong partition when you are configuring the disk partitions. 

Almost all Linux distribution uses ext4. If you are using an older system with an old partition, you might encounter ext3 file system. If you are using a mixed system that includes Windows operating system, please be aware that Windows used NTFS. Most of the smaller size removable hard drive use FAT32. Most thumb drive uses FAT.

My advise is do not touch any partition that is NTFS, FAT or FAT32 unless you intentionally want to remove them.

Naming Convention

Linux name your fist physical hard disk as sda, second hard disk as sdb and so on. With the physical hard disk, regardless of the file system use, each partition is name sda1, sda2... and so on.


Please be very careful when you are configuring partitions manually. In certain cases where you need to remove certain partition to allow space for installation of the new system, please be careful about which partition you should remove as it may result in data loss if wrong partition is deleted.

Fedora 18 Reclaim Hard Disk Space

If you have existing partitions on a hard drive and you do not have any free space, you need to reclaim the disk space by deleting exisiting partitions.

Click "Reclaim space". The screen below shows the hard disk which I want to install Fedora 18. To reclaim space, I need to remove the existing partition from the previous installation.

In this hard disk, I have a NTFS partition which store data from my Windows operating system. I do not want to remove that partition and loss all the data. All I need to do was to remove the Linux partition /boot, /, swap and /home. Select the partition you want to delete and click "Remove".

The above screen shows all the partitions that I would like to remove. At this point none of the partition is deleted, if you made a mistake, select the wrong partition and click "Preserve" to revert back. Click "Reclaim space" when ready. The installer will bring to the previous screen as shown below.

After you've reclaim the space, the system immediate configures new partition for you automatically. If you prefer manual intervention you need to select "Installation Destination" again.

Fedora 18 Configuring Disk Partition Manually

Click "Installation Destination" from the screen below.

On the following screen, select the hard disk you want to configure. Click "Continue" at the lower right corner.

On the screen below, check the box "Let me customize the partitioning of the disks instead" and click "Continue"

The screen below allows you to create partitions manually. On the left hand side is the list of partitions being created. If you select any partition, the details will be shown on the right hand side.

To create a new partition, click the "+" sign on the lower left corner. (Just above the pink label)

Configure the "Mount Point" and enter the "Desired Capacity". The system is able to differentiate between megabyte and gigabyte, you need to enter the desire capacity follow by a "mb" or "gb".

Listed below is some more configuration:

If you leave the "Desired Capacity" empty, the system will commit the remaining disk space to the partition.

On the main screen, you can select each partition and examine the details.

You can change the mount point or label the mount point. If you click on the "+" sign next to "customize". You can change the partition type and file system. One you are done with the manual configuration. Click "Finish partitioning" and proceed with the normal installation.

*** End ***